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Wandering Alone: A Solo adventure Through Jordan?

April,06,2024

 "Traveling solo doesn't mean you're alone; it means you're choosing your own path on your own terms and writing your own story."

“Jordan is a fascinating country that no solo female should ever miss”

This question is frequently asked when considering a vacation that not worth the safety risks which may be attributed to traveling around alone in one the most turbulent regions on Earth” The Middle East”– When it comes to safety, local people will be the first thing to come in mind as they are the main reason to give you that feeling of unsafe or thrilling and overjoyed. There is no doubt that Jordanian people are very friendly and characteristic in offering help and remarkably generous. 

Generally, guidelines related to clothing preferences are often tied directly to religious observation or societal correctness and, as guests in Jordan, it is crucial to understand that not adhering to those rules is viewed as disrespectful to their culture.

Clothing key keeps fluctuating from one place to another- like when you are at popular tourist sites like Jerash, Baptism site and Petra where foreigners are more prevalent than locals as well as the local themselves are used/ aware of tourists’ conception in their daily routine life. But it really depends on where you have been?! In the hotels areas and heavily touristic places, it is more common & normal, but definitely not in the more rural areas of Amman or small villages.

Wear whatever you think is comfortable for you. We suggest you to bring the appropriate clothing to fit the season, but at some points “At the religious sites, rural areas or if you are invited at any local house for a meal”, it is recommended to wear conservative and opaque clothing for respect of the local traditional culture, and also not only to keep away from the inappropriate offence but also to be more comfortable to avoid the scorching summer heats.

If your budget can afford hiring a local guide to travel around with, we would highly recommend taking this into consideration. If you prefer a female guide to comfortably travel with, this is something can easily be arranged for you by any local travel agency or through Jordan Guides Association.  Why a local guide? Jordan is a very rich in history, culture, and nature resources- and having well- informed and friendly guide can make just icing on the cake and make the whole trip looks different. Besides giving you historical information, guides could also give restaurant suggestions, mediate shopping transactions, and answer any questions that may arise about cultural appropriateness in Jordan.

A small tiny tip that can make a big difference! If you encountered unwanted stares, we have found that the best way to navigate those situations is not to make eye contact or respond, as prolonged eye contact is often seen as flirting (whereas in western countries it is just a polite means of acknowledgment).

We hope that we have been able to dissuade those fears through the above tips on what simple tricks can make for a more carefree adventure in one of the most beautiful destinations in the world!

Best books to read before visiting Jordan!

January,18,2024

Are you planning a journey to Jordan? Let the pages of these books be your guide, offering a rich gateway of insights and perspectives that will enhance your visit to our captivating homeland.

Exploring Jordan Through Pages: A Reading List for Your Journey

Heading to Jordan is like stepping into a thrilling adventure full of rich history, breathtaking scenery, and a lively cultural mix. To really connect with the heart of this Middle Eastern gem, why not dive into a handpicked selection of books? They won't just tell you more about Jordan, but they'll also make you feel a deeper connection to its unique heritage. Whether you're into stories from the past, literary wonders, or exciting travel adventures, this friendly reading list is here to add a special touch to your journey even before you set foot in Jordan's enchanting landscapes.

1.    "Seven Pillars of Wisdom"

By T.E. Lawrence

Hardcover: 704 pages: "Seven Pillars of Wisdom" by T.E. Lawrence varies in length depending on the edition and format. The original manuscript was quite extensive, but the published versions differ. Generally, it can range from approximately 600 to over 700 pages. It's always a good idea to check the specific edition you have or plan to acquire for the accurate page count”.

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

Begin your literary journey by reading T.E. Lawrence's masterpiece, "Seven Pillars of Wisdom." This captivating memoir unfolds Lawrence's personal encounters during the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, offering precious insights into the region's history and the intricate tapestry of its cultures. Lawrence's vibrant storytelling and keen observations serve as a fascinating guide, painting a vivid backdrop to the landscapes you're about to explore. Let his words be your companion on this adventure, connecting you more deeply to the history and richness that you you'll soon encounter.

2.    "Petra"

By Jane Taylor

Hardcover: 143 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

No visit to Jordan is complete without exploring the ancient city of Petra. Jane Taylor's comprehensive guide, "Petra" serves as an excellent companion, unraveling the mysteries of this UNESCO World Heritage Site. Taylor delves into the history, architecture, and significance of Petra, enhancing your appreciation for the city's awe-inspiring ruins.

3.    “PETRA AND THE LOST KINGDOM OF THE NABATAEANS”

By Jane Taylor

Hardcover: 224 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage site famous for its rock-cut structures. The book Petra and the Lost Kingdom of the Nabataeans by Jane Taylor puts this mysterious rose-red city in the spotlight.

This book takes you on a journey through the great Nabataean kingdom. This book gives a deep dive into the culture and the people who once inhabited Petra and the Arab peninsula around it. Dating back to the 4th century BC, the Nabataeans were known for their great engineering feats and impressive architecture. It details how the city, located on a popular trade route, prospered but then eventually fells into shambles. It is evident from the writing that the author, bitten by her wanderlust, has traveled extensively to Petra.

The highlight of the book is the striking photographs that the author herself has taken. With archaeological ruins as enigmatic as the ones from ancient Rome and Greece, Petra remains one of the biggest tourist landmarks in Jordan.

Another further reading book for Jane Taylor: Images from the Air. (Amman: Al Uzza Books, 2005). Through aerial photography, Jordan is captured from north to south.

4.    "A Bedouin Boyhood”

By Isaak Diqs

Hardcover: 176 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

A simple yet elegantly written memoir about growing up in mid-century as a Palestinian Arab Bedouin. Diqs’ focus is not on politics but on family, tribe, and tradition as he details his boyhood and his people’s dislocation and transition from nomads tending their sheep to an agrarian, village-based culture. Diqs’ written memories provided us with a profound and intimate awareness of the details of Bedouin life before the partitioning of Palestine and the petroleum industry’s impact on the Middle East.

Despite being a Palestinian Arab Bedouin, Isaaq's memoir is a compelling read for anyone planning a visit to Jordan. The historical context is particularly relevant, given that Jordan and Palestine were once part of the same country. The shared Bedouin culture and traditions between the two nations make Diqs' narrative resonate with those interested in understanding the cultural nuances that transcend borders. Reading this book before arriving in Jordan provides valuable insights into the interconnected heritage and traditions that have persisted despite geopolitical changes.

5.    “Living With Arabs: Nine Years with the Petra Bedouin”

By Joan Ward

Hardcover: 202 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

Joan Ward was born and bred in Birmingham, UK. She spent four years commissioned in the Royal Air Force before starting a teaching career that lasted 33 years. From 2004-2006, she was Head of English at the International Community School in Amman. On her retirement in 2006, she remained in Jordan and spent six years living in Um Sayhoun with the Petra Bedouin.

Living with Arabs is an account of nine years spent visiting and living among the Bedouin tribes of Petra in southern Jordan; in some ways a world away from the neighboring war zones. Through insightful accounts of day-to-day life, a world of nobility and simplicity is revealed: so too is a world of violence, gender imbalance, and the significance of Islam.

It is a story that begins viewed through rose-coloured spectacles and moves to a gripping realization of reality. The shocking, the funny, the heart-warming – it is all here.

6.    “The Jordanian Labor Market: Between Fragility and Resilience”

By Caroline Kraftt & Ragui Assaad

Hardcover: 384 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

Jordan stands in the middle of a turbulent region, experiencing substantial refugee flows and economic challenges due to the conflict and insecurity of its neighbors. The Jordanian Labor Market: Between Fragility and Resilience fills an enormous gap in our knowledge regarding the region's labor market during a period of substantial instability and new challenges for Jordan.

Prior to the refugee crisis the Jordanian economy and labor market had been shifting in a positive direction. An enormous influx of Syrian refugees, however, created unanswered questions of how the region's labor market would fare. The Jordanian Labor Market leverages the 2016 Jordan Labor Market Panel Survey to provide answers to some of these questions. It offers an unprecedented opportunity to assess the challenges that Jordan faces. It addresses key economic and policy questions through unparalleled nationally representative date.

The Jordanian Labor Market presents critical new insights into the status of migrants and refugees in Jordan. It examines key indicators of the labor market including labor supply, job creation, wages and inequality, and self-employment. It also looks at transitions across the life course in Jordan such as education, school-to-work transition, marriage and fertility, housing and new households, and social insurance and retirement. These factors provide important insight into important challenges Jordan's economy and society faces.

7.    "The Jordanian Labour Market in the New Millennium"

By Rania Antonopoulos and Indira Hirway. Edited by Ragui Assaad

Hardcover: 288 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

For those interested in contemporary socio-economic aspects, "The Jordanian Labour Market in the New Millennium" sheds light on the challenges and opportunities facing Jordan's workforce. Co-authored by Rania Antonopoulos and Indira Hirway, this academic work delves into the dynamics of employment, gender roles, and economic development in Jordan.

This collection is the first to analyse the results of the Jordan Labour Market Panel Survey of 2010 (JLMPS 2010), a major household survey of labour market conditions carried out in Jordan by the Economic Research Forum. The chapters cover topics that are essential to understanding the conditions leading to the Arab Spring, including the persistence of high youth unemployment despite fairly healthy economic growth, the co-existence of in-migration, high

unemployment, and out-migration, the very low and stagnant female participation rates despite rapid increases in educational attainment and delayed marriage among Jordanian women, and the unusually early retirement among prime-age male workers. The chapters make use of this unique data set to provide a fresh

analysis of the Jordanian labour market that was simply not feasible with previously existing data. The book will prove to be essential reading for anyone interested in the Economics of the Middle East and the political economy of the Arab Spring.

8.    “A Leap of Faith: Memoirs of an Unexpected Life”

By Queen Noor

Hardcover: 480 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

Queen Noor of Jordan is the last wife and widow of King Hussein of Jordan. She was queen consort of Jordan during her marriage (1978–1999) and has been queen dowager of Jordan since her husband's death in 1999.

American by birth, of Syrian, British and Swedish descent, she acquired Jordanian citizenship and renounced her American citizenship at the time of her marriage. She is the current president of the United World Colleges movement and an advocate of the anti-nuclear weapons proliferation campaign, Global Zero.

A Leap of Faith is Queen Noor’s memoir. In this compelling book, Arab-American Lisa Halaby opens up to tell her love story with King Hussein of Jordan.

The story unveils their love affair and the turbulent transformation the Middle East was experiencing with the formation of the state of Israel in 1948. Her memoir does an excellent job weaving together history, political commentary, and the richness of family life.

Jordan sits in the middle of a conflicted region and King Hussein treads delicately in the world of diplomacy with Queen Noor by his side. Queen Noor takes a wide view and explains about the formation of the state of Israel in 1948, the six-day war in 1967 and the Camp David peace treaties of 1977. She describes different sides of the conflict and how Jordan always sits in the middle. We learn about her tumultuous family life with a miscarriage, her four children and her worries for her husband, the ruler of Jordan.

9.    “Married to a Bedouin”

By Marguerite van Geldermalsen

Hardcover: 288 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

'"Where you staying?" the Bedouin asked. "Why you not stay with me tonight - in my cave?"'

Thus begins Marguerite van Geldermalsen's story of how a New Zealand-born nurse came to be married to Mohammad Abdallah Othman, a Bedouin souvenir-seller from the ancient city of Petra in Jordan. It was 1978 and she and a friend were travelling through the Middle East when Marguerite met the charismatic Mohammad who convinced her that he was the man for her.

A life with Mohammad meant moving into his ancient cave and learning to love the regular tasks of baking shrak bread on an open fire and collecting water from the spring. And as Marguerite feels herself becoming part of the Bedouin community, she is thankful for the twist in fate that has led her to this contented life.

Marguerite's light-hearted and guileless observations of the people she comes to love are as heart-warming as they are valuable, charting Bedouin traditions now lost to the modern world.

We laugh and learn about Marguerite’s Bedouin life, and its traditions and hardship. Although she presents everything with lighthearted observations, I have no doubt that her adaptation to this life has been hard. You can purchase online get it on-site while at Petra.

10.  “Our Last Best Chance: The Pursuit of Peace in a Time of Peril” A Story of War and Peace

by King Abdullah II

Hardcover: 368 pages

Amazon link                                                                                                Goodreads link

Our Last Best Chance, written by Jordan's reigning monarch, King Abdullah II came out shortly after the 2011 Arab Spring. While King Abdullah is widely seen as a popular ruler and well-liked, his call for peace and a solution to the continuing Arab-Israeli struggle is eminent in the pages of this memoir.

This book is written for non-Jordanians and is a good primer on the geopolitical challenges facing Jordan. It covers King Abdullah’s unexpected rise to power and issues that he has had to deal with related to the Israeli-Palestinian standoff and America’s involvement in the Middle East.

Look at Jordan’s role as the stable power in the region. Why would a sitting head of state choose to write about the most explosive issues he faces? King Abdullah does so now because he believes we face a moment of truth: a last chance for peace in the Middle East. The prize is enormous, the cost of failure far greater than we dare imagine.

Jordan Travel Guidebooks
I don’t need to tell you that Jordan is a fantastic destination to include in your traveling bucket list. In case you’ve already bought your tickets, here are the best Guidebooks about Jordan that will give you detailed information on the country’s popular destinations as well as tips to ensure you have the best experience.

1.    Lonely Planet Jordan

Lonely Planet guides are a classic resource for anyone embarking on an overland trip. Their Jordan guide provides up-to-date information on Jordan’s attractions, like museum hours and prices.

You’ll also find a section with a historical background of the Middle-Eastern hotspot, all the must-see attractions, and a few tips for planning a successful trip.

2.    The Rough Guide to Jordan

The Rough Guide to Jordan is a must-buy if you’re going to Jordan. It’s incredibly detailed, with accounts of every attraction, plus maps of each region.

It also has a section with recommended routes which are very useful when planning your itinerary. The guide features a list of the best hotels, cafes, restaurants, and shops you can visit during your stay.

3.    Bradt Guides Jordan

Carole French has compiled this concise but carefully researched guide on Jordan. It is not just rich in detail but also written with more flair.

The Bradt guide to Jordan explores Jordan’s history and culture, its main attractions, and recreative options. Each chapter versus Jordan’s main regions and cities, helping travelers plan their trip to this fantastic country.

4.    Petit Futé to Jordan

Petit Futé is a French travel guidebook series that provides information about various destinations around the world. It took courage to tackle such a subject while avoiding clichés. Of course, the guidebook contains everything you need to prepare your trip, whether you are an individual or an organized traveller. The great classics of tourism are presented, Petra, Aqaba, Wadi Rum, the castles of the desert, with accommodation addresses and classic or original reference guides. But also new itineraries and a new way of discovering Jordan, by getting in touch with its people in their daily life, a discovery of Amman and its villages on a daily basis, other than through the monuments that this land shelters.

5.    Blue Guide to Jordan

"Often plagiarized by other guide writers, Blue Guides have always been a gold standard for accuracy and depth."—Daily Telegraph

The last revised edition, 2015, this last edition of Blue Guide Jordan offers an in-depth exploration of this historically rich destination. The expert authors know every corner of the Hashemite Kingdom and offer detailed guidance to its many ancient sites, its desert forts, its crusader castles, wadis and campsites, as well as the energetic capital of Amman. Detailed maps and plans throughout.

By immersing yourself in these literary, archeology, historical and cultural works, you'll enrich your travel experience and gain a deeper appreciation for the multifaceted beauty of Jordan. From the ancient wonders of Petra to the vibrant traditions of Bedouin life, each book on this list offers a unique perspective that will undoubtedly enhance your journey through this enchanting Middle Eastern destination. So, pack your bags, and let the pages of these books be your guide as you embark on a literary and physical adventure through the heart of Jordan.

Water in Jordan? Is the tap water safe to drink in Jordan?

January,04,2024

Explore the safety of tap water in Jordan in this Blog. Gain insights into the quality of water and discover whether it's safe to drink during your visit.

Before you start sipping, there is a little more to know about the water in Jordan!

Water scarcity is a reality in Jordan! Being one of the most arid countries in the Middle East, Jordan is facing severe water shortages. The current per capita water supply in the country is 200 cubic meters per year which is almost one-third of the global average (Around 600m3). To make matters worse, it is projected that Jordan’s population (currently at 11 million) will reach 15 million by 2030 causing a drastic decline in per capita water availability to measly 91 cubic meters.

https://www.ecomena.org/tag/water-scarcity-in-jordan/

Despite this severe water scarcity, more than 97% of Jordanian have access to an improved water source, making it one of the highest rates in the MENA region.

Let’s get back to the original question – is it safe to drink tap water in Jordan?

When you come to Jordan, you will notice that no one is drinking water from the tap, while it is totally fine brushing their teeth with it and washing their fruits and veggies, etc. to come to the fact, according to the World Health Organization’s drinking water guidelines; Yes

To be more specified- drinking water quality in Jordan is governed by the Jordanian standard 286 of 2008, which is based on the World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water guidelines.

A 2005 study showed that different potable water sources across four governorates showed that drinking water quality was in compliance with national physiochemical standards. And a study in 2011 by the Jordanian Government showed that more than 90% of samples taken at house water storage tanks in three Amman distribution zones (Rasheed, Kharabsheh, and Khalda) were in compliance with the recommendations of the WHO Drinking Water Guidelines.

In most 4 and 5- star Hotels through Jordan, you will find that they have installed water purification systems ensuring that the tap water in clean and drinkable for quests. But for an extra precaution, the water may be safe to drink when it leaves the sewage treatment plant but it may pick up pollutants during its way to your tap. We advise that you ask locals or hotel staff about the water quality. Also, note that different cities have different water mineral contents.

There are no comprehensive recycling programs in Jordan so most plastic ends up in landfills. Try to avoid single-use plastic if you can.

To sum it up! The tap water is apparently fine to drink if you wish, but here are some other ways that you can still minimize your impact on the environment if you don’t wish to drink directly from the tap by buying refillable water bottles.

For those who are intend to hike through Jordan Trail on their own. We highly recommend carrying SteriPen or LifeStraw as there might be moments when you had no choice but to drink local water—sometimes in the form of tepid tea— and with the SteriPen LifeStraw you could ensure that you wouldn’t get a parasite when that need arose.

Water is a precious resource in Jordan and visitors are encouraged not to waste it. So please bear in mind that by not wasting water, you are helping someone out there who is struggling to have a sip and also save their shares of this national & global resource.    

Do they celebrate Christmas in Jordan?

December,21,2023

Christmas joy resonates in Jordan as festive traditions blend seamlessly with the country's warm hospitality. Join the celebration, where the spirit of Christmas is embraced with a unique touch of Jordanian charm

Jordan is a Muslim country and it may surprise you to know that although Christmas is a Christian holiday it is also celebrated in Jordan. Christians have the freedom to practice their religion and a lot of tolerance and awareness although the state religion in Jordan is Islam. As a result, Christmas in Jordan is actually a public holiday given to the entire country.

Christmas in Jordan is celebrated across the country, but for those who are not religious, it is seen as more a celebration. In fact, the population of Jordan includes both Muslims and Christians, who live peacefully together. Christians make up approximately 6% of the population serving as the minority in the region. Regardless, they are treated with respect and are able to celebrate this holiday in peace and harmony.

The Christians living in Jordan are some of the oldest Christian communities in the world and dated back to residing in the region in the first century AD. Many of these Christians are Greek Orthodox and there are 29 Greek Orthodox Churches found in Jordan. Additionally, among the smaller Christian population in Jordan, there are Roman Catholics, Armenian Orthodox, Lutheran, Presbyterians, and Latter-day Saints among others.

If you happen to be in Jordan over Christmas, it is an exciting and festive season complete with parties, celebrations, and decorations. In the capital city of Amman, the warm holiday feelings can be felt all over the city. Many shops and cafes will put out decorations and Christmas lights and light displays pop up all over the city. Christmas trees can be found inside shopping malls and also decorated in the streets. Additionally, many hotels and restaurants will offer special holiday meals for those who celebrate and wish to enjoy a festive Christmas meal.

To be completely honest though, if you are looking for a unique experience, hop over the Israeli border to nearby Bethlehem, where you’ll definitely get more of a Christmas vibe to participate in Midnight Mass at the Church of Nativity. Similarly, the communities in Bethlehem, Nazareth, and Jerusalem celebrate a festive and meaningful Christmas (Jordanian citizens can’t officially get to see those festivities in Bethlehem, so usually end up watching it on TV).

Guide to Jordan Culture and Customs

November,01,2023

Your gateway guide to Jordan Culture and Customs 

Nestled within the cradle of civilization, the country of Jordan boasts a rich and diverse cultural heritage, heavily influenced by its strategic location as a crossroads of ancient trade routes. From the colorful markets of Amman to the mystical desert landscapes of Wadi Rum, Jordan's cultural tapestry is woven with threads of history, tradition, and hospitality.

Throughout its long and storied past, Jordan has played host to countless travelers and explorers from all corners of the globe. Today, this tradition of warm and welcoming hospitality is still very much alive, as visitors from around the world come to experience the country's many treasures, from the magnificent ruins of Petra to the serene waters of the Dead Sea.

At the heart of Jordanian culture lies the concept of hospitality, a cornerstone value that underpins every aspect of daily life. Whether you're sharing a cup of tea with a local family, sampling traditional cuisine in a bustling souq, or simply wandering the streets of a historic city, you'll find that the people of Jordan are eager to welcome you with open arms and a genuine curiosity about your experiences and perspectives.

To fully appreciate the richness and complexity of Jordanian culture, it's important to take the time to learn about its customs and traditions. Our Guide to Jordanian Culture & Customs offers valuable insights and practical tips for travelers, helping you navigate the nuances of etiquette and cultural norms with ease and confidence.

Jordanian Greeting Customs:
In many parts of Jordanian culture, greetings are an important part of social interaction, and the way you greet someone can vary depending on their gender. Generally, it's customary for members of the same gender to shake hands or exchange cheek kisses as a sign of respect and friendship. However, members of the opposite gender tend to abstain from physical contact, preferring to simply nod their heads or place their hands over their hearts in greeting.

It's worth noting that PDA "Public displays of affection", such as kissing or hugging, are considered inappropriate in Jordanian society. While it may be common for couples to engage in PDA while traveling, locals may appreciate it if visitors refrain from doing so out of respect for cultural norms. In any case, being mindful of these customs can go a long way in creating positive interactions and experiences while in Jordan.

In general, greetings are an important part of daily life and culture. Here are some common Jordanian greeting customs:

A.    Handshakes: Handshakes are a common way to greet people in Jordan, especially in formal situations or when meeting someone for the first time. Men often shake hands with other men, while women may shake hands with other women or with men they know well. It's important to note that some conservative Muslim women may prefer not to shake hands with men who are not close relatives. When in doubt, simply nod your head or placing your hand on your heart will suffice.

B.    "As-salamu alaykum": This is a common Arabic greeting in Jordan, which means "peace be upon you." It's often used by Muslims, but people of all religions may use it as a sign of respect. The response to this greeting is "Wa alaykum as-salam," which means "and peace be upon you."

C.     Cheek kissing: In more informal situations, it's common for friends and family members to greet each other with a kiss on each cheek. This is usually reserved for people of the same gender, although some people may also kiss the cheeks of close relatives of the opposite gender.

D.    Hugs: Hugging is also becoming more common in Jordan, particularly among younger people and in more casual situations.

Overall, Jordanians value politeness and respect in their greetings, so it's important to use appropriate language and gestures when meeting someone new or in a formal setting.

Dressing code in Jordan:
Jordanian culture is a rich tapestry of ancient and modern influences, religious and secular traditions. As a predominantly Muslim country, Jordanians have a deep connection to their faith, which they view as a personal spiritual journey. Despite these religious roots, Jordan is a welcoming destination for travelers from all backgrounds, and visitors can feel comfortable exploring the country's many attractions while being respectful of local customs.

While many tourists choose to dress casually, wearing shorts and tank tops during their visit to Jordan, it is recommended to dress modestly to show appreciation and respect for the local culture. Opting for loose-fitting clothing that covers the shoulders, chest, and knees is a good idea, especially when visiting religious sites. Bringing a scarf is also a smart move, as it can be used to cover your head when entering religious sites or to shield you from the sun's powerful rays.

Overall, visitors to Jordan should approach the country with an open mind and a willingness to learn about its rich cultural heritage. By dressing modestly and respecting local customs, travelers can enjoy a meaningful and rewarding experience in this beautiful and welcoming destination.

Jordanian Hospitality:
Which better known in Arabic as “Al Karam Al-Ordoni”. Jordanian culture is known for its warm hospitality, which is considered an art form in the country. Whether you're visiting a tourist attraction or being welcomed into a family's home, you can expect to receive a heartfelt reception that will make you feel right at home.

As you explore the country, you'll likely receive many invitations into shops and restaurants. You can accept or politely decline these invitations by placing your hand over your heart and murmuring "la, shukran", which means "no thank you" in Arabic. However, if you do accept an invitation, you'll be welcomed with open arms and offered hot coffee, tea, sweets, or even a traditional feast if you're lucky! It's important to communicate your appreciation by offering compliments about your host's home, shop, and especially the food.

Just be aware that in Jordanian culture, expressing an interest in a particular item in someone's home can be interpreted as a request to receive it as a gift. So, be mindful when admiring your host's possessions to avoid any misunderstandings.

Additionally, it's customary to remove your shoes when entering a home or mosque, as they are considered unclean. This is a sign of respect and an important aspect of Jordanian etiquette.

Overall, visiting Jordan offers a chance to experience a warm and welcoming culture that places a high value on hospitality and making guests feel at home. By embracing local customs and showing gratitude for the kindness you receive, you'll be sure to make the most of your time in this beautiful country.

Privacy:
In Jordan, privacy is generally respected and considered an important value. People typically have a strong sense of personal space and boundaries, and it is customary to ask for permission before entering someone's home or private space.

However, it's important to note that in public spaces such as markets, streets, and cafes, personal space may be more limited, and people may be more comfortable standing or sitting close to each other. Additionally, in more traditional households, it may be considered impolite to refuse a request to see or enter a certain room in the home, even if it is a private space.

It's also worth noting that Jordanian law requires hotels and other accommodations to keep a record of guests' personal information, including their passport details, and to report any suspicious activity to authorities. This is a standard security measure and is in place to ensure the safety and security of visitors and locals alike.

Jordan is a land of exquisite beauty, from its picturesque landscapes in varying shades of pink to its magnificent historical sites, making it a photographer's paradise. Every click of the camera is sure to yield stunning results, with no need for excessive editing or filtering. With so much splendor to capture, it's only naturally desired to include the local people inside the focus of your lens. Given Jordan's dependence on tourism, the locals are well-accustomed to visitors in search of that perfect shot for their social media, and hence they may not mind being photographed without permission. However, as a sign of respect, it is highly recommended that you obtain their consent before snapping away.

Religious Customs:
As a predominantly Muslim country, Islam plays a significant role in Jordanian culture and customs. Visitors should be respectful of the local customs and practices. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

A.    Dress modestly: Visitors should dress modestly, particularly when visiting religious sites. It is recommended to wear loose-fitting clothing that covers your arms and legs, and women should also cover their heads.

B.    Remove your shoes: Shoes are considered unclean in Islamic culture, so visitors should remove their shoes when entering a mosque or someone's home.

C.     Respect prayer times: Muslims pray five times a day, and visitors should be aware of prayer times and avoid visiting mosques during prayer times. Additionally, visitors should avoid walking in front of worshippers during prayer.

D.    Ramadan: If you happen to visit Jordan during the holy month of Ramadan, you'll have a chance to witness one of the most significant aspects of Jordanian culture. As a respectful visitor, it's important to be mindful of the religious customs during this sacred time. During Ramadan, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset, which means that it's recommended to avoid eating, drinking, or smoking in public during the daylight hours. It's also important to note that Muslims abstain from alcohol at all times, so it's essential to be sensitive when offering or consuming alcoholic beverages. By showing sensitivity and respect towards the religious customs during Ramadan, visitors can better appreciate the beauty of this sacred and meaningful time in Jordanian culture.

E.     Non-Muslims are not allowed in some areas: Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter certain religious sites, such as mosques, and should respect the signs indicating such restrictions.

As Jordan is a predominantly Muslim country? What about Christians? There is a significant Christian minority. As a visitor, it's important also to be respectful of the customs and practices of all religious groups in the country. Here are a few tips for respecting Christian culture or when visiting Christian sites while traveling in Jordan:

A.    Dress appropriately: Visitors should dress modestly when visiting Christian sites, especially when entering churches. It is recommended to wear clothing that covers your arms and legs.

B.    Remove your shoes: It is customary to remove your shoes when entering churches and other holy sites, so be sure to check if this is required before entering.

C.     Respect prayer times: Christian services may be held throughout the day, and visitors should be aware of prayer times and avoid visiting churches during services.

D.    Observe Christian holidays: Jordan has a significant Christian population, and visitors should be respectful of Christian holidays. It's important to note that during some Christian holidays, certain sites may be closed or have restricted access.

E.     Photography: Photography is usually allowed inside churches but be sure to ask permission before taking any photos. Avoid using flash or any other disruptive equipment that could disturb the service or other worshippers.

F.     Follow church rules: Each church may have its own set of rules, so it is important to follow them to show respect. For example, some churches may require visitors to refrain from talking loudly, while others may prohibit certain behaviors.

By respecting these customs, visitors can show their appreciation for Jordanian culture and create a more meaningful and positive travel experience.

Jordanian Bargain/ Negotiation Culture:
In many cultures around the world, negotiating is viewed as a form of art. It requires skill, patience, and the ability to read your opponent. However, in some places, negotiating goes beyond just a means to an end; it is a way of life. One such place is Jordan, where haggling is a national pastime.

Jordanians take great pride in their bargaining abilities and are known for their persistent yet friendly nature when it comes to negotiating. Whether from over a rug, a piece of pottery, or even to camel rides, nothing is off-limits when it comes to haggling. In fact, the first price offered is often seen as just a starting point for the negotiation process.

That said, there are times when it pays to be firm and assertive. Therefore, there is one area where haggling is not advised: when taking a taxi. Unlike other transactions where negotiation is expected, taxi fares are typically set by law and are non-negotiable. In Jordan, as in many other countries, insisting on using the meter is the best way to ensure that you're getting a fair price for your ride.

So, when visiting Jordan, make sure to bring your best negotiation skills, but also remember that sometimes the best way to get a fair price is to let the meter do the talking.

Can we say that Jordanian are punctual?
Similar to its Mediterranean neighbors, Jordanian culture also has a distinct perception of time. If you've traveled to Greece, you may have heard of "Greek minutes," which locals’ joke can stretch a half-hour into five minutes. Similarly, if you've visited Israel, you may have noticed that punctuality is not always a top priority. In Jordan, it's important to embrace the relaxed lifestyle and adjust your expectations accordingly.

In social situations, punctuality is also highly valued. If you're invited to someone's home for a meal or event, it's important to arrive on time as a sign of respect for your host. It's also considered polite to bring a small gift, such as flowers or sweets, as a token of appreciation.

However, it's worth noting that Jordanian culture can be more flexible with time than some other cultures, particularly in social settings. It's not uncommon for social events to start a bit later than the agreed-upon time, and guests may arrive a bit later than expected. This is not seen as a sign of disrespect, but rather as a reflection of the relaxed and informal nature of Jordanian culture.

Jordanians often view appointments as more of a suggestion than a strict instruction, so don't be surprised if things don't always run on schedule. This can be a refreshing change of pace for those accustomed to the fast-paced rhythms of city life. Instead of stressing over time, embrace the chance to slow down, enjoy the moment, and soak up the local culture. Whether you're sipping tea in a traditional café or exploring the ancient ruins of Petra, take the opportunity to go with the flow and enjoy the experience.

Smoking in Jordan:
Smoking in Jordan is a common practice, and many people do smoke cigarettes or shisha (hookah) in public places such as cafes and restaurants. Cigarettes are readily available for purchase throughout the country. However, it's important to note that smoking in public places is prohibited by law, and offenders can face fines. But to come to the fact, it’s not officially permitted or practically applied, and that’s why you might find some people smoking in such a prohibited area with no fear of penalty. 

Some hotels and restaurants may have designated smoking areas, but it's always best to check before lighting up. Additionally, it's worth considering the potential health risks associated with smoking, as well as the impact of secondhand smoke on those around you. If you do choose to smoke in Jordan, be mindful of your surroundings and try to be considerate of those who may not appreciate being exposed to cigarette smoke.

It's important to note that the use of e-cigarettes and vaping devices without nicotine is not explicitly regulated under Jordanian law, although it's still considered a controversial topic and may not be widely accepted by some sectors of society.

If you are a smoker or vaper, it's important to respect local laws and customs when visiting Jordan and to avoid smoking or vaping in public places or around others who may find it offensive.

Also, some areas, such as hospitals, schools, and government buildings, have strict no-smoking policies. It's always best to ask before smoking in public, and to be considerate of those around you who may be bothered by the smoke. Additionally, smoking is harmful to health, and it's recommended to avoid smoking altogether or to quit if you already smoke.

So, pack your bags, grab your passport, and get ready to experience the warmth, hospitality, and vibrant culture of Jordan - a land where the past and present converge in a seamless tapestry of beauty and wonder.

Culture of Jordan

October,15,2023

Jordan's culture is a blend of ancient charm and modern wit. From ancient ruins to friendly banter, it's a cultural delight!

The culture of Jordan is a fascinating tapestry filled with aesthetics and creative expressions. It began to blossom in the early 20th century when literary salons were established in the royal court of Transjordan under Emir Abd Allah Al-Awal ibn Al-Hussein. These salons became a hub for intellectuals, inspiring literary, cultural, and intellectual movements to flourish. As a result, the educated Jordanian character emerged and made a significant impact on the Arab national sphere.

Jordanian culture is a harmonious blend of past and present, seamlessly integrating Islamic heritage with modern influences. It embraces both eastern and western cultures, while also retaining its distinct characteristics. The unique geography of Jordan, coupled with its rich history and the contributions of Palestinians, have profoundly influenced its cultural landscape. This diversity has fueled a revival of Jordanian identity, particularly in the realms of folklore dance, music, fashion, and other aspects of cultural life. The country remains a melting pot of ethnic and religious groups, including Circassians, Turkmen, Chechens, and Christians, all contributing to the vibrant tapestry of Jordanian heritage.

Throughout history, Jordanians have excelled in various handicrafts, with textiles being one of the oldest and most esteemed crafts. The country boasts an impressive heritage in ceramics and pottery, with ancient Islamic pottery dating back to the 8th and 10th centuries. Traditional crafts like wood engraving, glassmaking, and colored sand art continue to be practiced and celebrated in Jordan. Jordan is a land where ancient traditions seamlessly blend with modern influences. Its rich and diverse culture reflects the mosaic of civilizations that have thrived on its soil for thousands of years. From the rose-red city of Petra to the vast deserts of Wadi Rum, Jordan offers a tapestry of experiences that enchant travelers from around the world.

Furthermore, Jordan's cultural heritage is a testament to the civilizations that bear witness to its storied past and have left their mark on its land. The Nabateans, Romans, Byzantines, and Arabs have all shaped the country's history, leaving behind awe-inspiring archaeological sites and architectural wonders. Exploring the ancient ruins of Jerash, walking through the intricate mosaics of Madaba, or marveling at the well-preserved Roman theater in Amman “the ancient Ammonite kingdom and its capital, Rabbah Ammon”, visitors are transported back in time, experiencing the grandeur of these civilizations firsthand. These sites serve as a testament to the country's rich history and attract visitors from around the world.

One of the defining aspects of Jordanian culture is its deep-rooted sense of hospitality. The Jordanian people, known for their warmth and generosity, welcome visitors with open arms, making them feel like cherished guests. Whether sipping tea with Bedouins in a traditional tent or sharing a meal with a local family, the Jordanian hospitality leaves an indelible mark on all who encounter it.

In conclusion, Jordan's culture is a captivating fusion of creativity, traditions, historical significance, and warm hospitality. Its literary, artistic, and craft movements, along with its diverse ethnic groups, have contributed to the vibrant fabric of Jordanian identity where it gave its culture it an immersive journey into the past and a celebration of the present. It is a country that cherishes its heritage while embracing progress, offering visitors a glimpse into the captivating tapestry of Jordanian life. Whether exploring its ancient wonders or engaging with its friendly locals, Jordan invites you to discover the beauty and diversity of its culture, leaving you with memories that will last a lifetime.

If you are eager to delve into the captivating culture of Jordan, we encourage you to explore the wealth of information below. We have dedicated resources and insightful coverage specifically focused on Jordan's culture, offering a valuable perspective for those seeking to learn more.  You will gain a deeper understanding of the country's traditions, customs, and historical significance. Plato Tours' comprehensive coverage will undoubtedly enrich your knowledge and appreciation of Jordan's captivating culture.

Literature:
In Jordan, literature” Both prose and poetry” holds a cherished place as the quintessential form of artistic expression. Poetic competitions, where two teams engage in reciting verses, have long been a beloved tradition among Jordanians. Even today, these contests continue to captivate audiences. Poetry has held such significance in Jordanian culture that young Bedouins were taught the art of verse alongside skills like fighting and horse riding, often before they even learned to read and write.

Eloquence in the Arabic language has been highly esteemed by Jordanians, with individuals who spoke with finesse garnering great respect. Poetry emerged as a powerful medium for expression, resonating deeply with the people. Among the notable poets of 20th-century Jordan, Arar (Mustafa Wahbi al-Tall) stands out, celebrated for the social themes portrayed in his poetry, which shed light on the lives of the poor, the underprivileged, and Jordan's gypsy community.

Recognizing the importance of nurturing literary talent, the Jordan Writers Association was established to support poets and writers and invigorate the literary landscape of the kingdom. Jordan boasts a rich pool of short-story and novel writers, whose works have served as inspiration for many Bedouin television series. From 1970 to 1998, locally written short stories predominantly tackled social issues, the Palestinian cause, and the challenges faced by society. Over the years, Jordanian poetry has matured, shifting its focus to national concerns such as women's rights, poverty, education, labor, and pan-Arab affairs.

The literary scene in Jordan continues to evolve, with writers passionately exploring diverse themes and contributing to the nation's cultural fabric. Their works reflect the pulse of society, echoing the aspirations and challenges of the Jordanian people, while also shedding light on broader regional and social issues. Through literature, Jordanians forge connections, share experiences, and inspire meaningful conversations that shape the nation's narrative and foster a deeper understanding of its complexities.

Crafts:
Jordan has gained recognition for its exquisite handicrafts, which encompass a wide range of art forms such as rug making, carpet weaving, basketry, pottery, ceramics, and embroidery. These traditional crafts hold a deep-rooted significance, as they have been passed down through generations, preserving the rich cultural heritage of the country. Jordan's crafts have been influenced by Islamic and cultural influences, particularly evident in the intricate decoration of pottery and ceramics. Additionally, artisans create smaller-scale crafts like intricately decorated sand bottles, sculptures, and handcrafted silver jewelry, showcasing their exceptional skills and artistic craftsmanship.

The Jordan River Foundation, a non-profit and non-governmental organization established in 1995 and currently led by Queen Rania, has played a vital role in enhancing the quality of life for many Jordanian women and their families in rural areas. This foundation has actively encouraged handicraft production and undertaken various projects aimed at empowering youth and women. By supporting and promoting the development of traditional handicrafts, the Jordan River Foundation has not only preserved cultural traditions but has also created opportunities for economic growth and empowerment within local communities. Through these initiatives, the foundation has fostered a sense of pride and self-sufficiency among Jordanian artisans, contributing to the preservation and promotion of Jordan's vibrant handicraft industry.

The skill and creativity of Jordanian artisans shine through their handicrafts, which serve as a testament to the country's rich cultural heritage. Visitors to Jordan have the opportunity to appreciate and acquire these exquisite pieces, witnessing firsthand the dedication and craftsmanship invested in their creation. The ongoing efforts of organizations like the Jordan River Foundation ensure the continued growth and sustainability of Jordan's handicraft industry, empowering local communities and preserving the legacy of traditional crafts for future generations to cherish.

Music and Dance:
While Jordanian music may not enjoy the same level of popularity as that of other Arab countries like Egypt and Lebanon, it has its distinct characteristics that resonate with the local culture. One prominent genre of music in Jordan is patriotic songs that pay tribute to the country and its king, often strongly influenced by Bedouin traditions. These songs capture the essence of Jordanian pride and draw inspiration from the rich heritage of the Bedouin culture.

Bedouin music holds a special place in Jordan's musical landscape, often relying on a single instrument, the rebab or al-rababa, a stringed instrument that takes center stage. Occasionally, the mijwiz, a reed pipe, accompanies the rebab. These songs, characterized by a melancholic tone, delve into themes such as raids, battles, and generosity, painting vivid narratives of Bedouin life and traditions.

When it comes to traditional dances, the dabke or dabka takes the spotlight in Jordan. This lively group dance involves rhythmic foot-stamping and is performed by both men and women. The dabke showcases a variety of steps that vary from region to region, further reflecting the diversity of Jordanian culture. Another notable dance form among the Bedouin is the sahja or sahaja, a captivating display involving large groups of men, sometimes numbering up to twenty participants.

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in various dance styles in Jordan. Belly-dancing lessons have gained popularity among Jordanian women, with many gyms offering such classes. Additionally, dance schools now provide instruction in Latino dance forms, such as salsa, and traditional ballroom dance. The evolving music scene in Jordan has also witnessed the emergence of DJs and rappers, showcasing the dynamic and contemporary side of the country's music culture.

While Jordanian music may have its unique place within the region, it continues to evolve and adapt, blending traditional elements with contemporary influences. The music and dance traditions of Jordan provide a vibrant reflection of the country's cultural heritage and serve as a means of artistic expression, capturing the spirit of its people and their diverse backgrounds.

Popular Culture:
Jordan's popular culture has been significantly influenced by the vibrant entertainment industries of neighboring countries such as Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and more recently, Turkey. In the 21st century, young Jordanians have avidly followed and embraced the music and television series originating from these nations. Egyptian and Syrian soap operas have long been a staple in the lives of Jordanians, captivating audiences with their compelling storylines. With the advent of satellite channels, Turkish soap operas have gained immense popularity in recent years, captivating viewers with their engaging narratives and cultural appeal.

In the realm of visual arts and humor, the caricature character known as Abu Mahjoob has emerged as a beloved figure among Jordanians. Created by cartoonist Emad Hajjaj, Abu Mahjoob serves as a satirical representation of the average Jordanian citizen. Through witty and insightful portrayals, this character encapsulates the daily struggles, aspirations, and idiosyncrasies of Jordanian life. Abu Mahjoob has captured the hearts of the people, offering a relatable and humorous commentary on the realities of Jordanian society.

The cultural exchange between Jordan and its neighboring countries, particularly in the realm of music, television, and humor, has played a significant role in shaping Jordan's popular culture. The influence of Egyptian, Lebanese, Syrian, and Turkish entertainment has introduced new artistic flavors and narratives, resonating with the evolving tastes and preferences of the younger generation. This cross-pollination of cultural expressions has not only enriched Jordan's popular culture but has also fostered a sense of connection and shared experiences across regional borders.

Traditional Arts:
Jordan is renowned for its traditional ceramics and exquisite mosaics, which showcase intricate Islamic motifs and are meticulously crafted by hand. Some ceramics feature calligraphy inspired by the Umayyad and Mamluk periods, capturing the artistry of those eras. In 1992, the government established a mosaics school in the city of Madaba, home to the oldest mosaic map known as the Madaba Map. Dating back to the 6th century CE, this map depicts the Holy Land and holds immense historical significance. The school's primary objective is to preserve and restore ancient mosaics found on archaeological sites, ensuring their long-lasting beauty and cultural value.

Embroidery is another revered traditional art form in Jordan. Women, particularly those of Palestinian origin, skillfully create intricately embroidered dresses that showcase a vibrant array of colors and patterns. Geometric designs are often favored, demonstrating the rich heritage and craftsmanship of Jordanian embroidery. These stunning works of art serve as a testament to the talent and creativity of Jordanian artisans, and the tradition of embroidery continues to be cherished and passed down through generations.

Through their meticulous craftsmanship, Jordanian ceramics, mosaics, and embroidery celebrate the country's cultural heritage and artistic excellence. They reflect the influence of Islamic traditions and historical periods, encapsulating the beauty of Jordan's rich past. The government's efforts to preserve and restore ancient mosaics demonstrate a commitment to safeguarding these valuable cultural treasures. Meanwhile, the intricate embroidery created by Jordanian women showcases their exceptional skills and dedication to preserving traditional craftsmanship. These art forms contribute to the vibrant tapestry of Jordanian culture and serve as enduring symbols of the country's artistic legacy.

Contemporary Arts:
Amman, Jordan's vibrant capital, boasts a flourishing art scene, with numerous art galleries spread across the city, particularly in the historic neighborhoods of al-Weibdeh and Jabal Amman. These galleries serve as vital platforms for contemporary artists, not only from Jordan but also from other Arab countries, with a notable presence of artists from Iraq. They exhibit a diverse range of contemporary arts, including painting, sculpture, and ceramics, offering visitors a glimpse into the evolving artistic landscape of the region.

In the aftermath of the American-led war in Iraq, many talented Iraqi artists sought refuge in Jordan and eventually settled in the kingdom. Today, they find a welcoming environment to showcase their creative work, contributing to the multicultural art scene of Amman. Some of these artists have even established their own galleries, providing additional spaces for artistic expression and further enriching the local art community. The presence of these galleries not only provides a platform for artists to share their perspectives and experiences but also fosters cross-cultural dialogue and understanding.

The art galleries in Amman serve as more than just exhibition spaces; they are cultural hubs that inspire creativity, innovation, and critical thinking. They offer locals and visitors alike the opportunity to engage with contemporary art and explore the diverse perspectives and themes explored by artists from Jordan and the wider Arab world. Through these galleries, Amman continues to foster a vibrant artistic ecosystem, supporting emerging talents and providing a platform for meaningful artistic expression and cultural exchange.

Theatre & Films:
Movie theaters in Jordan predominantly showcase foreign-language films, with a particular focus on English-language movies. The majority of theaters screen contemporary American commercial films, catering to popular demand. However, special culture nights dedicated to international movies are also organized, often sponsored by international entities like the European Union. These events provide an opportunity for audiences to enjoy a diverse range of films from various countries, promoting cultural exchange and appreciation.

In addition to film screenings, theaters in Jordan also serve as venues for national and international dance groups, singers, and actors to showcase their talents. These performances bring a dynamic mix of artistic expressions to the stage, captivating audiences with their creativity and cultural diversity. From mesmerizing dance routines to captivating theatrical performances, theaters in Jordan provide a platform for artists to share their craft and contribute to the vibrant arts scene in the country.

To support and enhance the local film industry, Jordan established the Royal Film Commission in 2008. This commission plays a crucial role in developing the competitiveness of the Jordanian movie industry both regionally and internationally. By providing support, resources, and opportunities for filmmakers, the Royal Film Commission aims to foster growth, creativity, and innovation within the Jordanian film landscape. Through their initiatives, they contribute to raising the profile of Jordanian cinema and promoting the country as a destination for film production and cultural exchange.

The movie theaters and the Royal Film Commission together form an integral part of Jordan's cultural fabric, bringing a diverse array of films, performances, and artistic endeavors to the forefront. They contribute to the enrichment and appreciation of the arts, providing opportunities for both local and international talents to shine, while also connecting audiences to the global cinematic landscape.

Museums:
Amman, the capital city of Jordan, is home to a diverse array of museums that cater to various interests and age groups. Thirteen notable museums dot the city's landscape, offering visitors a rich cultural and historical experience. These include the Children's Museum, which provides an interactive and educational environment for young learners, and the Jordan Archaeological Museum, showcasing the country's ancient artifacts and archaeological treasures. The Jordan Folklore Museum offers insights into the rich folklore and traditions of Jordan, while the Jordan Museum of Popular Tradition explores the country's cultural heritage. The University of Jordan Museums provide a platform for academic exploration, while the Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts showcases fine art exhibitions. The Haya Cultural Centre, dedicated to children, offers engaging activities and exhibits, while the Municipality of Greater Amman contributes to preserving the city's heritage. The Darat al-Funun, a renowned arts and culture center, hosts various exhibitions and artistic events. Additionally, the Royal Automobile Museum showcases a collection of classic and historical automobiles, and the Martyr's Memorial pays tribute to Jordanian heroes. The Numismatics Museum of the Central Bank of Jordan exhibits a fascinating collection of coins and currency.

Beyond Amman, several museums await exploration. The Madaba Archaeological Museum, the Salt Archaeological Museum, and the Salt Folklore Museum delve into the history and folklore of these cities. The Jerash Archaeological Museum, located near the ancient city of Jerash, showcases archaeological artifacts from the area's rich Roman heritage. The Aqaba Archaeological Museum offers insights into the region's maritime history, while the Petra Nabataean Museum and the Petra Archaeological Museum provide a deeper understanding of the ancient Nabataean civilization and the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Petra. The Irbid Archaeological Museum, the Museum of Jordanian Heritage, and the Dar al-Saraya Museum in different regions of Jordan highlight the diverse heritage and history of the country. The Umm Qais Archaeological Museum, the Karak Archaeological Museum, the Mazar Islamic Museum, the Ajloun Archaeological Museum, and the Dead Sea Panoramic Complex complete the list, each offering unique perspectives on Jordan's rich cultural tapestry.

These museums throughout Jordan play a crucial role in preserving and promoting the country's historical, archaeological, artistic, and cultural heritage. They offer visitors a captivating journey through time, showcasing the nation's diverse past and fostering a deeper appreciation for its vibrant cultural legacy.

Sports:
Sports hold a significant place in the lives of Jordanians, with football being the most popular sport among the population. The country boasts twelve professional football teams, with al-Faisaly and al-Wehdat being the most renowned and supported clubs. Additionally, Jordan has ten women's professional football teams, as well as national teams for both men and women, an Olympic football team, and a youth football team.

The Jordanian national football team made its international debut in the qualifiers for the 1986 World Cup in Mexico and has since maintained a presence on the international stage. Their most remarkable achievement came during the 2014 World Cup qualifiers when they advanced to the final stage of the qualifiers, facing Uruguay in the CONMEBOL-CONCACAF playoff. On the continental level, the Jordanian national team has qualified for the Asian Cup on four occasions: 2004, 2011, 2015, and 2019. They have also participated once in the Youth World Cup, competing in the U-20 World Cup Championship in Canada in 2007. As of October 2020, the Jordanian national football team ranked 97th in FIFA's world ranking table.

In addition to football, Jordanians also have a growing interest in basketball. Many private schools have basketball teams that participate in local championships, and the Jordanian national basketball team represents the country in international tournaments. A notable achievement came in 2010 when the national basketball team qualified for the World Cup in Turkey, showcasing the talent and dedication of Jordanian basketball players.

Jordanian athletes have excelled in other sports as well, such as table tennis, representing the kingdom in various international championships and bringing home medals. Moreover, the sport of fast walking has gained popularity in Amman since its organization in 2006 as a means to promote a healthy lifestyle through walking. Twice a week, hundreds, and sometimes even thousands, of Jordanians and foreigners participate in organized walks through the streets of Amman, donning green vests. Organizers, identifiable by their orange vests and equipped with red lights and stop signs, ensure the safety of participants by stopping traffic as the walkers cross the streets.

Jordanian taekwondo has emerged as a formidable force in the world of martial arts. With a dedicated and passionate community of practitioners, the sport has gained significant popularity and success in Jordan. The country has produced exceptional taekwondo athletes who have made their mark in international competitions, including the Olympic Games and World Championships. Jordanian taekwondo athletes are renowned for their technical proficiency, agility, and strategic approach to the sport. Their skillful techniques, coupled with unwavering determination and discipline, have earned them numerous accolades and medals. With strong support from the Jordan Taekwondo Federation and a commitment to training and development, Jordanian taekwondo continues to thrive and inspire future generations of athletes in the country.

Sports, whether football, basketball, or other disciplines, hold a special place in Jordanian society, fostering a sense of unity, passion, and healthy competition. Jordanian athletes, through their achievements, inspire and bring pride to the nation, while organized events encourage active lifestyles and community engagement.

Celebration love and tradition: Wedding in Jordan:
Weddings hold a special place in Jordanian culture, symbolizing the union of two individuals and the merging of families. Rich in traditions and rituals, Jordanian weddings are joyous occasions filled with vibrant celebrations, delicious cuisine, and heartfelt traditions that have been passed down through generations. In this article, we will explore the fascinating customs and elements that make weddings in Jordan a memorable and cherished event.

A. Preparations and Engagement:
The journey towards a Jordanian wedding begins with the engagement period, during which families of the bride and groom come together to discuss and finalize the marriage arrangements. Once the engagement is agreed upon, preparations for the wedding commence. It is common for families to hire wedding planners who meticulously organize every detail, ensuring a seamless and unforgettable celebration.

B. Henna Night:
A significant pre-wedding tradition in Jordan is the Henna Night, known as "Henna Alayleh." This intimate gathering brings together close family members and friends to celebrate the bride. Intricate henna designs are applied to the bride's hands and feet, symbolizing beauty, good luck, and protection from evil spirits. Traditional songs and dances fill the air, creating a joyful and spirited ambiance.

C. Wedding Attire:
On the wedding day, the bride dons a stunning traditional wedding gown, often featuring elaborate embroidery, beading, and intricate details. The groom typically wears a tailored suit or traditional attire, reflecting the cultural heritage of the couple. The bride's ensemble is often complemented by ornate jewelry, including necklaces, bracelets, and earrings, enhancing her beauty and elegance.

D. Zaffe and Procession:
As the wedding day unfolds, a lively procession called the "Zaffe" kicks off the festivities. The Zaffe is a traditional dance performed by a group of male dancers accompanied by musicians playing traditional instruments like drums, flutes, and tambourines. The energetic procession leads the groom to the bride's house or the wedding venue, announcing the arrival of the couple with joyous music and dancing.

E. Ceremony and Traditions:
The wedding ceremony typically takes place in the presence of family and friends, officiated by a religious figure. Islamic traditions are incorporated into the proceedings, which include recitation of prayers, exchange of vows, and blessings bestowed upon the couple. The groom presents the bride with a wedding gift, often in the form of jewelry or a symbolic item, as a gesture of his love and commitment.

F. Feasting and Celebrations:
One cannot talk about Jordanian weddings without mentioning the delectable cuisine that takes center stage during the celebration. A grand feast known as the "Zaffeh" follows the ceremony, where guests are treated to a lavish spread of traditional dishes, such as mansaf (a rice and lamb dish), mezze (appetizers), and a variety of succulent desserts. Traditional music and dancing continue throughout the evening, creating an atmosphere of pure joy and merriment.

Weddings in Jordan are cherished occasions that blend age-old traditions with modern celebrations. They are a testament to the rich cultural heritage of the country, emphasizing the importance of family, love, and community. From the vibrant Henna Night to the lively Zaffe procession and the sumptuous feasting, Jordanian weddings encapsulate the essence of joy, unity, and the beginning of a new chapter in the lives of couples. These celebrations not only create lasting memories for the newlyweds but also serve as a way to strengthen bonds and forge lifelong connections among families and friends.